Louisiana black bears (Ursus americanus luteolus) are a subspecies of the American black bear. They are active at night and go through a dormancy period rather than a true hibernation in the winter. They are smaller and have a more narrow skull than other black bears.
Louisiana black bears are termed opportunistic omnivores, consuming plants, insect larvae, fruit and many other foods. They are known to forage in scraps left by landowners and campers.
Their historic range included Louisiana, Texas, Mississippi and a bit of Arkansas. Today they are found in parts of Louisiana and Mississippi.
Louisiana black bears were almost lost due to hunting and habitat destruction. A number of conservation efforts have resulted in somewhat of a rebound, and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is proposing to remove the Louisiana black bear from the Federal List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife because it has recovered and no longer meets the definition of threatened under the Endangered Species Act (ESA).
A typical male weighs between 200 and 400 pounds, and the females weigh 120 to 200 pounds. They mate in the summer and give birth early the following year. The litter is usually between two and five cubs.