Golden Lion Tamarins (Leontopithecus rosalia) live in family groups with the father as the primary caregiver. They sleep in tree hollows and vines in a family unit for protection against predators and to conserve body heat.
They’ll eat almost anything – some fruit, vegetation, eggs, and some small reptiles.
They live in coastal rainforests of southeastern Brazil, which have been reduced to about 2% of their former original size.
Their range is a series of protected rainforests, reserves and preserves. Reintroduction efforts are hampered by disappearing habitat.
These monkeys are distinguished by a bright orange or red mane around the face that gives them a lion-like appearance. They weigh less than two pounds and can live up to 20 years in zoos – although their life span in the wild is 10 – 12 years.